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Basic Brain Information

ct scan showing parts of the brain

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) – even mild head injuries like concussions – can cause long-term effects and permanent damage. Your day-to-day life could shift in no time at all, and your injury could come with a long recovery time and hospital bills that seem to endlessly pile up.

If you, or someone you love, have been injured in an accident and suffered a traumatic brain injury or a concussion, contact our law firm today. You may be wondering how much your case is worth or curious to know if you do have a case based on your accident. Our attorneys are here to help you with a free legal consultation, 24/7.

Basic Brain Information

The brain is a soft and squishy organ made up of nerve cells called neurons. These neurons form tracts – almost like highways – that carry messages to different parts of the brain, which control certain movements or actions. They also work together to control more complex functions, such as speech, the five senses, personality, thought processing, breathing, heart rate, and more.

Brain Lobes

The brain is divided into sections, called lobes. The lobes include:

  • Frontal Lobe – controls functions like organization, personality, emotions, problem-solving skills, judgment, inhibition of behavior, etc.
  • Temporal Lobe – controls functions like memory, hearing, sequencing, and understanding language, etc.
  • Parietal Lobe – controls functions like sense of touch, visual perception, identification of size, shapes, and colors, etc.
  • Occipital Lobe – controls vision
  • Cerebellum – controls coordination, balance, visual perception, and motor activities
  • Brain Stem – controls functions such as breathing, sleep and wake cycles, heart rate, attention and concentration, arousal, etc.

Left and Rights Sides of the Brain

The brain also has two sides – the left and the right side. Each is responsible for different functions as well.

The brain's left side helps make a person…

  • Logical
  • Precise
  • Analytical
  • Organized
  • Scientific
  • Detail-oriented
  • Literal
  • Methodical
  • Repetitive

The brain's right side helps make a person…

  • Creative
  • Intuitive
  • Imaginative
  • Conceptual
  • Empathetic
  • Figurative
  • See the "Big Picture"
  • Irregular
  • Artistic

You may hear people talk about when a person is left- or right-brained. They're talking about which side of the brain is dominant. Typically, most people have one side that is more noticeable in their personality.

Because the brain is so critical to our survival, it is enclosed inside a bone structure called the skull. The skull protects the brain from injury unless a traumatic event occurs, like a car accident or a concussion sustained while playing a sport.

Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI)

When a traumatic brain injury occurs, the neurons or nerve tracts can be affected. If that happens, they may not function correctly, and ultimately affect the body's ability to work corectly. Damaged neurons or neuron tracts can cause impairment or a complete inability to do a particular function.

Brain injuries that affect the left side of the brain can cause:

  • Impaired logic
  • Decreased control over right-sided body movements
  • Difficulties speaking and understanding language
  • Depression or anxiety
  • Problems remembering words

TBIs that affect the right side of the brain can cause:

  • Problems remembering visually
  • Loss of the "big picture" type of thinking
  • Decreased control over left-sided body movements
  • Visual-spatial impairment

Injuries throughout both sides of the brain (called a diffuse brain injury) can cause:

  • Confusion
  • Problems thinking and concentrating
  • Fatigue
  • Cognitive impairment (trouble remembering, learning new things, making decisions)

TBI Victims - Learn More and Get a Free Legal Consultation

If you, or someone you love, suffer a TBI, life may change forever. No two traumatic brain injuries are the same. Read more about brain injuries:

You need to protect your legal rights now. Call 1-866-943-3427, or fill out the form at the top right of this webpage to get started. We offer a free legal consultation, with no strings attached. You're not obligated to use our services, and we'll tell you if we think you have a case. Contact us today.

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