ATV Laws in the United States

Quads, four-wheelers, ATVs - no matter what you call them, they're growing in popularity with teens and young adults. To keep riders safe, states have different laws that are important to know if you're headed for a vacation, a cross-country tour, or just a weekend in the outdoors.

To learn the ATV laws in your home state, click on the map or find your state below:

Alabama ATV Law

It is unlawful to operate a motor vehicle, including ATVs on the beaches and sand dunes on the Gulf of Mexico, except on private property with permission. Ala. Code § 32-1-7 (2016).

Need more information on state laws? Learn more about the laws where you live.

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Alaska ATV Law

An off-highway vehicle may be driven on a roadway or shoulder of a highway only under the following circumstances: (1) to cross, (2) if snow/ice conditions make other motor vehicle travel impossible, (3) if the highway is posted or otherwise designated as being open to off-highway vehicles, or (4) outside the shoulder of a non-controlled access highway if driven as the same direction as traffic on the right side of the highway. No person may drive an off-highway vehicle in the median area.
Alaska Admin. Code tit. 13, § 02.455(a)(1)-(f)(2) (2016)

A person driving a snowmobile or other off-highway vehicle may ride only on a permanent seat attached to the vehicle; no snowmobile or other off-highway vehicle, when driven on a highway, may be used to carry persons other than the driver unless the vehicle is designed and equipped with a seat for a passenger. Alaska Admin. Code tit. 13, § 02.445(a)(2016)

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Arizona ATV Law

No person may operate an ATV with reckless disregard for the safety of persons or property, or off of an existing road, trail or route in a manner that causes damage to wildlife habitat, riparian areas, cultural or natural resources or property or improvements.

A person may drive an off-highway vehicle only on roads, trails, routes or areas that are opened as indicated in rules or regulations of a federal agency, this state, a county or a municipality.

A person may not operate an off-highway vehicle in a manner that damages the environment, including excessive pollution of air, water or land, abuse of the watershed or cultural or natural resources or impairment of plant or animal life, where it is prohibited by rule, regulation, ordinance or code.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 28-1174(A)-(H) (2016)

Necessary equipment: brakes adequate to control the movement of the vehicle and to stop and hold the vehicle under normal operating conditions, taillights and headlights if operated between one-half hour after sunset and one-half hour before sunrise, a muffler or other device that prevents sound above 96 decibels, a spark arrestor approved by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and a safety flag if operated on sand dunes or areas designated by managing agency.

A person who is under eighteen years of age may not operate or ride on an off-highway vehicle on public or state land without protective headgear.

Does not apply to a private landowner or lessee performing normal agricultural or ranching practices while operating an all-terrain vehicle or an off-highway vehicle on the private or leased land in accordance with the landowner's or lessee's lease.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 28-1179(A), (B), (D) (2016)

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Arkansas ATV Law

Owners of ATVs are required to register it with the Director of Finance and Administration to prove ownership.
Ark. Code Ann. § 27-20-201, 202

No special equipment or safety inspection is required to own or operate an ATV.
Ark. Code Ann. § 27-20-203

It is unlawful to operate ATVs upon public streets and highways, unless it is being used in farming and such traveling is necessary to get from one field to another, or if the ATV needs to cross the public street directly to get from one lawful operating area to another.
Ark. Code Ann. § 27-21-106

A person twelve (12) or older, or a person eleven (11) or under with the supervision of an adult eighteen (18) or older may operate an ATV.
Ark. Code Ann. § 27-21-107(a)

The ATV must be operated at a reasonable speed in accordance with the surrounding circumstances, and must operate with headlights at dusk and dark.
Ark Code Ann. § 27-21-107(b)

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California ATV Law

Neither a parent or guardian of a child who is under 14 years of age, nor an adult who is authorized by the parent or guardian to supervise that child, may grant permission to or knowingly allow that child to operate an off-highway motor vehicle who cannot reach any of the controls of the vehicle.
Cal. Veh. Code Ann. § 38304.1

No person may drive an off-highway motor vehicle at a speed greater than is reasonable or prudent and in no event at a speed which endangers the safety of other persons or property.
Cal. Veh. Code Ann. § 38305

No person may operate, nor may an owner permit the operation of, an off-highway motor vehicle in a manner likely to cause malicious or unnecessary damage to the land, wildlife, wildlife habitat or vegetative resources.
Cal. Veh. Code Ann. § 38319

At dark and dusk, ATV must be equipped with at least one headlight. Cal. Veh. Code Ann. § 38335. Same with red headlamps. Cal. Veh. Code Ann.
§38345

An ATV must be equipped with a working spark arrestor. Cal. Veh. Code Ann.
§38366

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Colorado ATV Law

ATVs must be registered with proof of ownership.
Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. §33-14.5-112

No off-highway vehicle may be operated on the public streets, roads, or highways of this state except where designated, to cross, during emergency conditions, or for agricultural purposes. No off-highway vehicle may be operated on public land unless the land is designated for such use.
Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 33-14.5-108

No off-highway vehicle shall be operated upon public land unless equipped with least one lighted head lamp and one lighted tail lamp while being operated between the hours of sunset and sunrise, brakes, muffler, and spark arrester.
Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 33-14.5-109

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Connecticut ATV Law

ATVs must be registered.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 14-380

No person may operate an ATV at an unreasonable or imprudent rate of speed for existing conditions, in a negligent manner so as to endanger any person or property, or while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or any drug, or both.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 14-386a

No person may operate an ATV on any public highway. A licensed motor vehicle operator may cross a public highway if the ATV is equipped with a muffler, properly operating brakes, headlights and taillights. ATVs with an engine size of ninety cubic centimeters or less are not be required to be equipped with front and rear lighting and may not be operated after dark. ATVs may not be operated on any land without the written permission of the owner, or the agent of the owner, or in the case of state-owned land, without the written permission of the state agency or institution under whose control such land is, or in the case of land under the jurisdiction of a local municipality without the written permission of such municipality. ATVs may not be operated on any railroad right-of-way.
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 14-387

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Delaware ATV Law

ATVs must be registered.
Del. Code Ann. tit. 21, § 6801

ATVs may not be operated on a public highway, street, or sidewalk. An ATV may be pushed across or along such public way provided it is in neutral or that the power train is otherwise disengaged. An ATV may be operated on a street or highway located within this State for a special event of limited duration, conducted according to a prearranged schedule only under permit from the governmental unit having jurisdiction.
Del. Code Ann. tit. 21, § 6814

A person may not operate an ATV at a rate of speed which cannot be so controlled as may be necessary to avoid colliding with any person, vehicle or other conveyance.
Del. Code Ann. tit. 21, § 6815

A person may not operate an ATV while under the influence of alcohol, any drug, or a combination of drugs and alcohol.
Del. Code Ann. tit. 21, § 6816

A person may not operate an ATV during the period after sunset until sunrise without displaying a lighted headlight and lighted taillight.
Del. Code Ann. tit. 21, § 6817

A person may not operate an ATV in a manner to cause excessive damages or disturbances of the land, wildlife or vegetative resources, or endanger, disturb or annoy other persons or property.
Del. Code Ann. tit. 21, § 6819

A person may not operate an ATV unless such ATV is equipped with a spark arrestor type muffler, in good working order and in constant operation.
Del. Code Ann. tit. 21, § 6820

A person may not operate an ATV upon any property in either public or private ownership without the express permission.
Del. Code Ann. tit. 21, § 6821

A person may not operate a 2-wheel or 3-wheel ATV unless the operator and all passengers are wearing a protective helmet on their heads, with the chin straps properly fastened.
Del. Code Ann. tit. 21, § 6823

A person less than 12 years of age may operate an ATV only if under direct supervision of a person who is at least 18 years of age, or on lands controlled by the parent/guardian. Persons 12 years of age and older may operate an ATV without adult supervision.
Del. Code Ann. tit. 21, § 6824

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District of Columbia ATV Law

No person may operate at any time an ATV or dirt bike on public property including any public space in the District. Registration not required.
D.C. Code § 50-2201.04b

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Florida ATV Law

No person under 16 years of age may operate, ride, or be otherwise propelled on an all-terrain vehicle unless the person wears a safety helmet and eye protection. ATVs may not be operated upon the public roads, streets, or highways of this state, except as otherwise permitted by the managing state or federal agency.
Fla. Stat. Ann. § 316.2074

ATVs may be operated during the daytime on an unpaved roadway where the posted speed limit is less than 35 miles per hour, and only by a licensed driver or a minor who is under the direct supervision of a licensed driver.
Fla. Stat. Ann. § 316.2123

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Georgia ATV Law

All-terrain vehicles operating on the roadways in the State of Georgia are motor vehicles and as such are governed by the Uniform Rules of the Road.
Ga. Code Ann. § 40-6-3

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Hawaii ATV Law

All-terrain vehicles and utility-terrain vehicles may be operated on a street if used as farm equipment; operated by a person who holds a current category (3) driver's license under section 286-102 or a commercial driver's license under part XIII; driven on streets that are no more than two lanes, with posted speed limits of no more than thirty-five miles per hour; used to travel between properties zoned for agriculture, or used by a city, county, or state worker while acting within the scope of that person's official duties to travel between properties under the jurisdiction of the city, county, or state; used in counties with populations of less than five hundred thousand residents; and during daylight hours. While in operation, any operator and passenger of an all-terrain vehicle or utility-terrain vehicle shall wear a safety helmet with a securely fastened chin strap that meets the specifications and requirements established by rules adopted by the director.
HI ST § 286- 2014 Legislative Session Undesignated Enactments

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Idaho ATV Law

No person under eighteen (18) years of age may ride or operate an ATV without a protective safety helmet, except when operated or ridden on private property, or when used as an implement of husbandry.
Idaho Code Ann. § 49-666

Any person driving or operating a snowmobile, motorbike, utility type vehicle, specialty off-highway vehicle or all-terrain vehicle under the influence of alcohol, drugs or any other intoxicating substance on a public roadway or highway or off-highway shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
Idaho Code Ann. § 67-7114

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Illinois ATV Law

No person may operate an ATV:

  • in a careless or heedless manner so as to be grossly indifferent to the person or property of other persons, or at a rate of speed greater than will permit him in the exercise of reasonable care to bring the all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle to a stop within the assured clear distance ahead, or in such a manner as to endanger the life, limb or property of any person.
  • on the tracks or right of way of an operating railroad.
  • on private property without verbal or written permission.
  • ATVs must have an Off-Highway Vehicle Usage Stamp purchased and displayed in accordance with the provisions of this Act. The fee for an Off-Highway Vehicle Usage Stamp shall be $15 annually and shall expire the March 31st following the year displayed on the Off-Highway Vehicle Usage Stamp.

Ill. Comp. Stat. § 11-1427

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Indiana ATV Law

ATVs may not be operated on public highways, streets, or parking lots except on the public right-of-way adjacent to the traveled part of the public highway, except a limited access highway, or to cross. ATVs may be operated on a highway in a county road system outside the corporate limits of a city or town if the highway is designated for this purpose by the county highway department having jurisdiction. ATVs may be operated on a highway or road if authorized to by law enforcement when conventional motor vehicles cannot be used for transportation due to snow or other extreme highway conditions. A vehicle may be operated on a street or highway for a special event of limited duration conducted according to a prearranged schedule only under permit from the governmental unit having jurisdiction. The event may be conducted on the frozen surface of public waters only under permit from the department. An individual less than fourteen (14) years of age may not operate a vehicle without immediate supervision of an individual at least eighteen (18) years of age, except on land owned or under the control of the individual or the individual's parent or legal guardian. An individual may not operate a vehicle on a public highway without a valid motor vehicle driver's license.
Ind. Code Ann. § 14-16-1-20

A vehicle may not be operated between sunset and sunrise unless the vehicle has at least one (1) headlight and one (1) taillight. A vehicle may not be operated at any time unless the vehicle has adequate brakes capable of producing deceleration at fourteen (14) feet a second on level ground at a speed of twenty (20) miles per hour.
Ind. Code Ann. § 14-16-1-21

ATVs may not be operated: At a rate of speed greater than is reasonable and proper having due regard for existing conditions or in a manner that unnecessarily endangers the person or property of another, or under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Unless the vehicle is equipped with a muffler in good working order and in constant operation to prevent excessive or unusual noise and annoying smoke. On any property without permission. On a railroad track or railroad right-of-way, except railroad personnel in the performance of duties. In or upon a flowing river, stream, or creek, except for the purpose of crossing, unless the river, stream, or creek is of sufficient water depth to permit movement by flotation of the vehicle at all times.
Ind. Code Ann. § 14-16-1-23

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Iowa ATV Law

Each ATV used on public land, public ice, or a designated riding trail of this state shall be currently registered. An all-terrain vehicle registered in another state must also be issued a user permit in this state.
Iowa Code Ann. § 321I.3

ATVs may not be operated on a highway unless used for agricultural purposes between the hours of sunrise and sunset, for the purpose of surveying by a licensed engineer or land surveyor, or where designated. A person operating an all-terrain vehicle on a highway shall have a valid driver's license and the vehicle shall be operated at speeds of thirty-five miles per hour or less. An all-terrain vehicle that is owned by the owner of land adjacent to a highway, other than an interstate road, may be operated by the owner of the all-terrain vehicle, or by a member of the owner's family, on the portion of the highway right-of-way that is between the shoulder of the roadway, or at least five feet from the edge of the roadway, and the owner's property line. A person operating an all-terrain vehicle within the highway right-of-way under this subsection must comply with the registration, safety, and age requirements.
Iowa Code Ann. § 321.234A

ATV must have suitable and effective muffling device.
Iowa Code Ann. § 321I.12

Every ATV operated during the hours of darkness must display a lighted headlight and taillight. Every ATV must be equipped with brakes.
Iowa Code Ann. § 321I.13

A person may not operate an ATV:

  • at a rate of speed greater than reasonable or proper under all existing circumstances, in a careless, reckless, or negligent manner so as to endanger the person or property of another or to cause injury or damage, or while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or narcotics or habit-forming drugs.
  • on any public land, public ice, or designated riding trail, in violation of official signs of the commission prohibiting such operation.
  • in any park, wildlife area, preserve, refuge, game management area, or any portion of a meandered stream, or any portion of the bed of a nonmeandered stream which has been identified as a navigable stream or river by rule adopted by the department and which is covered by water, except on designated riding areas and designated riding trails. This paragraph does not prohibit the use of ford crossings of public roads or any other ford crossing when used for agricultural purposes; the operation of construction vehicles engaged in lawful construction, repair, or maintenance in a streambed; or the operation of all-terrain vehicles on ice.
  • on an operating railroad right-of-way unless to cross at an established crossing.
  • with more persons on the vehicle than it was designed to carry

Iowa Code Ann. § 321I.14

A person under 12 years of age may not operate an ATV unless the person is taking a prescribed education training course and the operation is under the direct supervision of a certified all-terrain vehicle education instructor, or the operation is under the direct supervision of a responsible parent or guardian of at least eighteen years of age who is experienced in ATV operation and who possesses a valid driver's license.
Iowa Code Ann. § 321I.21

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Kansas ATV Law

Registration not required. Kan. Stat. Ann. § 8-128

May be operated on Department of Land and Waters land ATVs may be operated on ice-covered department waters only for the purpose of ice fishing from one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. These vehicles shall enter onto the ice only from boat ramps and points of entry as established by posted notice. ATVs may not be operated on highways unless to cross. Must have lights to operate between hours of sunset and sunrise.
Kan. Stat. Ann. § 8-15-100, 115-8-13

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Kentucky ATV Law

A person may not operate an ATV upon any public highway or roadway or upon the right-of-way of any public highway or roadway. A person may not operate an ATV on private property without permission A person may not operate an ATV on public property unless the governmental agency responsible for the property has approved the use of all-terrain vehicles. Except for vehicles authorized to operate on a public highway, a person sixteen (16) years of age or older operating an all-terrain vehicle on public property shall wear approved protective headgear at all times that the vehicle is in motion, unless the operator is engaged in:

  • Farm or agriculture related activities;
  • Mining or mining exploration activities;
  • Logging activities;
  • Any other business, commercial, or industrial activity; or
  • Use of that vehicle on private property; or
  • The crossing of a public roadway with a posted speed limit of fifty-five (55) miles per hour or less

A person under the age of sixteen (16) years may not operate an all-terrain vehicle with an engine size exceeding ninety (90) cubic centimeters displacement, and without direct parental supervision, and without headgear. A person under the age of twelve (12) years may not operate an all-terrain vehicle with an engine size exceeding seventy (70) cubic centimeters displacement, and without headgear. An ATV may be operated on a 2 lane public highway to cross or for agricultural purposes, or where designated. Operators must have valid license. ATVs must have least one (1) headlight and two (2) taillights, which shall be illuminated at all times the vehicle is in operation. Operation restricted to daylight hours, except when engaged in snow removal or emergency road maintenance

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 189.515

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Louisiana ATV Law

Off-road vehicles, including but not limited to three-wheelers, four-wheelers, or other all-terrain vehicles which are not specifically designated for road use may travel on the shoulders of all public roads and highways except interstate highways solely for the purposes of farm-related activities within a five-mile radius of a farmer's farm, provided that the operator possesses a valid Class "E" driver's license and vehicle registration.
Off-road vehicles may travel on the shoulders of all public roads or highways, except interstate highways, during each day starting thirty minutes after sunrise and ending thirty minutes before sunset. Incidental crossing of public roads or highways shall be authorized.
Off-road vehicles may be operated by university or college employees, law enforcement officers, and certified emergency technician-paramedics in the course and scope of their employment while on streets within the boundaries of state-owned colleges and universities. Incidental crossings of public roads or highways are authorized.
La. Stat. Ann. § 32:299

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Maine ATV Law

Registration required, fee is $33 annually for a resident of Maine. Not required if operated on owner's land, for government entities, commercial ski purposes, certain farm uses.
Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 12 § 13155

Whenever operated on the way, ATVs are subject to the Rules of the Road.
Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 29, § 2080

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Maryland ATV Law

Operators must have valid driver's license which is in the operator's possession, or a Maryland instruction and examination learner's permit and accompanied by a licensed driver. Minors must be 12 years old or older and accompanied by a parent or legal guardian who is the holder of a valid driver's license which is in the parent's or guardian's possession. Must have registration sticker to be renewed annually and displayed in accordance with regulation.
Md. Code Regs. 08.01.03.03

An ORV may not be operated on Department lands unless it conforms to applicable State laws and regulations relating to registration, operation, and inspection requirements, and is equipped with:

  • at least one headlight and one red tail light that are operational between sundown and sunrise; a braking system adequate to control the movement and to stop and hold the vehicle under all operating conditions; and
  • a muffler or other effective noise suppression system in good working order that is in constant operation and maintained and operated in a manner to prevent excessive or unusual noise

Operators must wear protective headgear and eye-protection or a windscreen. Three-wheel vehicles are prohibited from use on a State ORV trail unless the three-wheel vehicle is registered and meets all other ORV requirements.
Md. Code Regs. 08.01.03.05

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Massachusetts ATV Law

No person under 18 years of age may operate a recreation vehicle unless he has successfully completed a recreation vehicle safety and responsibility course approved by the director of environmental law enforcement. A parent or legal guardian of an operator of a recreation vehicle under 16 years of age shall participate in at least 1 session of the recreation vehicle safety and responsibility course or as required by the director. Proof of the successful completion of the course shall be carried on the person of the operator while operating a recreation vehicle. Proof of an operator's successful completion of another state's equivalent recreation vehicle safety and responsibility course, as determined by the director, shall be valid in the commonwealth.
Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 90B, § 21

Registration required, to be renewed every 2 years. Registration must be displayed on vehicle in accordance with regulations.
Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 90B, § 22

ATVs must have one or more headlights, a red rear light, a red rear reflector, and adequate muffler. ATVs must not emit noxious fumes or makes unusual or excessive noise. No snow vehicle or recreation vehicle manufactured on or after January 1, 1998, shall be operated that produces a sound pressure level of more than 96 decibels when measured from a distance of 20 inches. No snow vehicle or recreation vehicle manufactured before January 1, 1998, shall be operated that produces a sound pressure level of more than 101 decibels when measured from a distance of 20 inches. Does not apply to a snow vehicle or recreation vehicle being operated on a privately-owned track or closed course as permitted by local municipal authority; provided, however, that a snow vehicle or recreation vehicle manufactured before January 28, 1985, and substantially maintained in its original or restored condition shall meet the sound and emission specifications in place at the time of its manufacture. Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch.
Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 90B, § 24

No person may operate a snow vehicle or a recreation vehicle upon any state, county, city or town way in the commonwealth, nor on the plowed snowbanks of such ways, nor upon any other public way, nor upon the right-of-way limits of a controlled access highway, unless to cross those roads or under emergency conditions that renders regular motor vehicle traffic impossible. No person under 16 and one-half years of age may operate a snow vehicle or a recreation vehicle across or on a public way unless the operator holds a valid license or right to operate a motor vehicle or is directly supervised by a person 18 years of age or older. Whenever it is impracticable to gain immediate access to an area adjacent to a public way where a snow vehicle or recreation vehicle is to be operated, said snow vehicle or recreation vehicle may be operated adjacent and parallel to the travelled portion of such public way for the purpose of gaining access to the area of operation. Snow vehicles or recreation vehicles may be operated on any way that is not maintained or used for the operation of conventional motor vehicles.
Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 90B, § 25

No person under 14 years of age may operate an ATV unless in preparation for while a participant in a sanctioned race or event that is supervised by a person 18 or older. No person between 14 and 16 years of age may operate an ATV with an engine capacity greater than 90 cubic centimeters A person between 14 and 16 years of age may operate an ATV with an engine capacity equal to or less than 90 cubic centimeters if directly supervised by a person 18 years of age or older. No person may operate an ATV on private property unless they are the owners or directly related to the owners, or without permission of the owners. No person may operate an ATV on publicly-owned property except on trails marked and designated for use by such vehicles, or without the express permission of the owner.
Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 90B, § 26 (West)

No person may operate an ATV under the influence of drugs or alcohol as defined by regulation.
Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 90B, § 26A (West)

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Michigan ATV Law

Title required, subject to regulations.
Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 324.81103

Child less than 16 years of age may not operate an ORV unless the child is under the direct visual supervision of an adult and the child has an ORV safety certificate in his or her immediate possession, unless engaged in agricultural activity. Child less than 12 years of age may not operate an ATV with 4 or more wheels unless the child is not less than 10 years of age and is on private land owned by a parent or legal guardian of the child, unless engaged in agricultural activity. Child less than 16 years of age may not operate a 3-wheeled ATV. Operator less than 12 years of age may not cross highway, street, or other roadway. An operator who is not less than 12 years of age but less than 16 years of age may cross a street, county road, or highway if the operator has an ORV safety certificate in his or her immediate possession and meets any other requirements for operation of the vehicle. Does not apply if participating in sanctioned race or event, as defined by statute.
Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 324.81129

Operator under 16 years old must complete an ORV safety education course approved by the department.
Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 324.81130

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Minnesota ATV Law

A person may not intentionally operate an off-highway vehicle:

  • on a trail on public land that is designated or signed for nonmotorized use only;
  • on restricted areas within public lands that are posted or where gates or other clearly visible structures are placed to prevent unauthorized motorized vehicle access;
  • except as specifically authorized by law or rule adopted by the commissioner, in unfrozen public waters, as defined in section 103G.005; in a state park; in a scientific and natural area; or in a wildlife management area;
  • Use of off-highway vehicles is prohibited on state land administered by the commissioner of natural resources, and on county-administered forest land within the boundaries of a state forest, except on roads and trails specifically designated and posted by the commissioner for use by off-highway vehicles;
  • Except for designated forest roads, a person must not operate an off-highway vehicle on state forest lands during the firearms deer hunting season in areas of the state where deer may be taken by rifle. This paragraph does not apply to a person in possession of a valid deer hunting license operating an off-highway vehicle before or after legal shooting hours or from 11:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.

Minn. Stat. Ann. § 84.777

Registration required, pursuant to regulations.
Minn. Stat. Ann. § 84.802

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Mississippi ATV Law

No off-road vehicle may be operated upon any public property by any person unless the person possesses a valid driver's license or safety certificate. Operator under sixteen (16) years of age who is operating or riding on the off-road vehicle on public lands must wear crash helmet. No person may operate an off-road vehicle on a public road or highway of this state.
Miss. Code. Ann. § 63-31-3

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Missouri ATV Law

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 301.700. Titling
Title required, subject to regulations.

301.703. Unlawful to operate without certificate of ownership
Must have certificate of ownership. Application for a certificate of ownership must be made within thirty days after the applicant acquires the all-terrain vehicle.

301.705. Operation
No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle on private property without permission. No person under the age of sixteen may operate an all-terrain vehicle in this state unless such person is accompanied by and under the direct supervision of a parent or guardian or is accompanied by and under the direct supervision of an adult who is authorized by the operator's parent or guardian to supervise the operator. Does not apply on private property owned by the parent or guardian of such person operating the all-terrain vehicle.

301.707. Registration required
Registration required, subject to regulations.

301.711. Decals
Upon receipt of the application for registration and the appropriate fee, the department of revenue must issue a decal showing the registration number and expiration date. The decal shall be displayed at all times and be affixed to the right front fork or frame of the all-terrain vehicle where it is clearly visible. Decal fee is 10 dollars. Decals valid for 3 years

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Montana ATV Law

Mont. Code Ann. § 23-2-804. Decal required
Decal required, must be displayed according to regulation.

23-2-821. Off-highway crossings of public roads--use of certain forest development roads
An off-highway vehicle may make a direct crossing of a public road when the crossing is necessary to get to another authorized area of operation. An off-highway vehicle may not be operated on or across a highway that is part of the federal-aid interstate system. An off-highway vehicle may be operated on or across a forest development road if the road has been designated and approved for off-highway vehicle use by the United States forest service.

23-2-824. Operation on public roads, streets, and highways
A person may operate an off-highway vehicle on a controlled-access highway or facility only if the vehicle is registered and licensed and the operator possesses a license to drive the vehicle. Off-highway vehicle operation is permitted on the roadway or shoulder of any public road or highway, state highway, county road, or city street located within the boundaries of any municipality only if the operator has received permission from the municipality in the case of town or city streets, the board of county commissioners for county roads, or the state highway patrol for all other highways, or as authorized by municipal ordinance. An off-highway vehicle may not be operated on public roads unless it is equipped with at least one headlamp and one taillamp, which must be lighted at all times during operation, and a suitable braking device operable by either hand or foot. An operator is exempt from the requirement to possess a license when operating an off-highway vehicle on public roads if the person is between 16 and 12 years of age, and has a safety certificate, and is in the physical presence of a person who possesses a license to drive a motor vehicle.

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Nebraska ATV Law

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 60-6,356.
ATVs may not be operated on or cross any controlled-access highway with more than two marked traffic lanes. ATVs may cross any controlled-access highway with more than two marked traffic lanes if (1) the crossing is made at an intersection that is controlled by a traffic control signal or stop signs, (2) the crossing is made in compliance with the traffic control signal or stop sign, and (3) the crossing is specifically authorized by ordinance or county board. ATVs may be operated on highways, roads, etc. outside the corporate limits of a city, village, or unincorporated village if used for agricultural purposes, or where authorized by governing authority, or to cross. ATVs may be operated on highways, roads, etc. only between the hours of sunrise and sunset. Operators must have Class O operator's license or a farm permit, liability insurance coverage for the ATV while operating the ATV on a highway, and may not operate at a speed greater than 30 mph. Must have headlight, taillight, and safety flag if operated on roads

60-6,357. Lights.
Every ATV must display a lighted headlight and taillight during the period of time from sunset to sunrise and at any time when visibility is reduced due to insufficient light or unfavorable atmospheric conditions.

60-6,358. Equipment.
Every ATV must be equipped with:

  • A brake system maintained in good operating condition;
  • An adequate muffler system in good working condition; and
  • A United States Forest Service qualified spark arrester.
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Nevada ATV Law

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 490.090. Operation.
ATVs may not be operated on a paved highway that is not otherwise designated for use by off-highway vehicles. A person may operate an off-highway vehicle on a paved highway that is not otherwise designated for use by off-highway vehicles to cross, during an emergency where regular motor vehicle use is impossible, or the highway is designated as a trail connector, or to load/unload the vehicle where practical. A person may operate an off-highway vehicle on any public land, trail, way or unpaved county road unless prohibited by the governmental entity.

490.110. Authorized and unauthorized operation on highway.
Exceptions notwithstanding, an off-highway vehicle may not be operated on an interstate highway, on a paved highway in this State for more than 2 miles unless the highway is specifically designated for use by off-highway vehicles in a city whose population is 100,000 or more, or unless it is a large all-terrain vehicle subject to regulation.

490.120. Required equipment for operation on highway; exception.
At least one headlamp that illuminates objects at least 500 feet ahead of the vehicle; At least one tail lamp that is visible from at least 500 feet behind the vehicle; At least one red reflector on the rear of the vehicle, unless the tail lamp is red and reflective; A stop lamp on the rear of the vehicle; and A muffler which is in working order and which is in constant operation when the vehicle is running.

490.130. Duties of operator when operating off-highway vehicle on highway.
The operator of an off-highway vehicle that is being driven on a highway in this State must:

  • Comply with all traffic laws of this State;
  • Ensure that the registration of the off-highway vehicle is attached to the vehicle;
  • Wear a helmet.
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New Hampshire ATV Law

N.H. Rev. Stat. 215-A:6 Operation of All OHRVs.
It is unlawful to operate any OHRV during the period from ½ hour after sunset to ½ hour before sunrise without displaying at least one lighted headlight and one lighted taillight. No person may operate an OHRV upon any portion of the right of way of any public way including the traveled portion of a maintained public way except as provided. No person may operate an OHRV at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the existing conditions and without regard for actual and potential hazards. In all cases speed shall be controlled so that the operator will be able to avoid colliding with any person, vehicle, or object. It is unlawful to operate any OHRV so as to endanger any person or damage any property. No person may operate an OHRV within the limits of any railroad right of way where the rails are still intact unless otherwise posted, except in any emergency. No person may operate an OHRV on the right of way of any public way classified as a class I highway and designated as an interstate highway, toll road or limited access highway. A person may operate an OHRV across any public way where the operation of said OHRV is not otherwise prohibited by law to cross the way, if the person has a driver's license or has completed the OHRV safety training course.

215-A:9 Limitations of OHRV Operation on Class I, II, and III Highways.
Highway crossings for established OHRV trails may be granted. No direct crossing of interstate highways, divided highways, or toll roads shall be permitted. When travel by conventional motor vehicles is not possible during a period of emergency declared by the appropriate authority having jurisdiction, an OHRV may be operated on any portion of an interstate highway, toll road, limited access highway, public highway or any other restricted area, provided that the operator of said vehicle has received the specific authority of an officer authorized to enforce the provisions of this chapter to so operate.

215-A:13-a Protective Headgear.
No person under the age of 18 may operate any OHRV within this state without wearing eye protection and protective headgear.

215-A:14 OHRV Required Equipment.
At least one, but not more than 2 headlights, all in working order, when operating at any time during the period from ½ hour after sunset to ½ hour before sunrise. One or more rear taillights, all in working order, when operating at any time during the period from ½ hour after sunset to ½ hour before sunrise. Adequate brakes in good working order sufficient to control the vehicle at all times. The brakes must be capable of stopping the vehicle within 40 feet at 20 miles per hour, or locking the wheels or track to a standstill. The current registration decal affixed to the OHRV as required by this chapter. Mufflers and an exhaust system which comply with requirements. Any sled or trailer towed behind an OHRV must be equipped with reflectors and a rigid hitch such as a tow bar.

215-A:21 Registration.
Registration and decals required pursuant to regulation.

215-A:29 OHRV Operation and License.
If under 14 years of age, must be accompanied at all times by a person at least 18 years of age. If 12 years of age or older, must have successfully completed the snowmobile or OHRV training program, or be licensed to drive a vehicle. Any person operating an OHRV along the traveled portion of a public highway, where permitted, shall be required to be licensed to drive. Or, any person at least 12 years of age, who has successfully completed an approved snowmobile or OHRV training program, operating an OHRV along the traveled portion of a public highway, where permitted, who is not licensed to drive shall be accompanied at all times by a person who is licensed to drive, and who is at least 18 years of age. Operators under 18 may not carry passengers.

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New Jersey ATV Law

N.J. Stat. Ann. § 39:3C-3. Registration; necessity; fee; expiration.
Except as otherwise provided, no snowmobile, all-terrain vehicle, or dirt bike shall be operated or permitted to be operated on or across a public highway or on public lands or waters of this State unless registered. $50 registration fee, renewed yearly.

39:3C-16. Minimum age to be operator.
Persons under 14 prohibited to operate any snowmobile, all-terrain vehicle, or dirt bike on public lands or waters or across a public highway. A person less than 16 years of age may not operate on public lands or waters or across a public highway of this State an all-terrain vehicle with an engine capacity greater than 90 cubic centimeters. A person less than 18 years of age may not operate a snowmobile, all-terrain vehicle, or dirt bike registered in this State on public lands or waters or across a public highway of this State unless the person has completed a safety education and training course.

39:3C-17. Prohibition of operation on highways, streets and right-of-way limits; exceptions.
No person may operate an ATV upon limited access highways or within the right-of-way limits thereof. No person may operate an ATV upon the main traveled portion or the plowed snowbanks of any public street or highway or within the right-of-way limits thereof except as follows:

  • Properly registered snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles, and dirt bikes may cross, as directly as possible, public streets or highways, except limited access highways, provided that such crossing can be made in safety and that it does not interfere with the free movement of vehicular traffic approaching from either direction on the public street or highway.
  • Whenever it is impracticable to gain immediate access to an area adjacent to a public highway where a snowmobile, all-terrain vehicle, or dirt bike is to be operated, the snowmobile, all-terrain vehicle, or dirt bike may be operated adjacent and parallel to the public highway for the purpose of gaining access to the area of operation.

39:3C-18. Prohibition of operation on private property without consent.
No person may operate an ATV on private property without consent of the owner of the property and the person who has a contractual right to the use of the property.

39:3C-19. Unlawful acts.
It is prohibited for a person to operate or ride as a passenger on any snowmobile, all-terrain vehicle, or dirt bike without wearing a protective helmet. ATVs must have headlights, taillights, brakes, and a proper muffler. Any person may not operate an ATV during the hours from 1/2 hour before sunset to 1/2 hour after sunrise without having lighted headlights and lighted taillights. Any person to operate an ATV upon railroad or right-of-way of an operating railroad, except railroad personnel in the performance of their duties.

39:3C-20. Liability insurance .
required, subject to regulations.

39:3C-24. Equipment.
At least one white or amber headlamp having a minimum candlepower of sufficient intensity to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least 100 feet ahead during hours of darkness under normal atmospheric conditions. At least one red taillamp having a minimum candlepower of sufficient intensity to exhibit a red light plainly visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear during hours of darkness under normal atmospheric conditions. A brake system in good mechanical condition. Reflector material of a minimum area of 16 square inches mounted on each side of the cowling. An adequate muffler system in good working condition.

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New Mexico ATV Law

N.M. Stat. Ann. § 66-3-1010.3. Operation and equipment; safety requirements.
A person may not operate an off-highway motor vehicle:

  • in a careless, reckless or negligent manner so as to endanger the person or property of another;
  • while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs
  • unless in possession of the person's registration certificate or nonresident permit;

Equipment: Each ATV must have spark arrester approved by the United States forest service. When conditions such as darkness limit visibility to five hundred feet or less, ATVs must have one or more headlights sufficient to light objects at a distance of one hundred fifty feet, and at least one taillight of sufficient intensity to exhibit a red or amber light at a distance of two hundred feet under normal atmospheric conditions. ATVs may not produce noise that exceeds ninety-six decibels.

Age Requirements: A person under the age of eighteen may not operate or be a passenger on an ATV without wearing eye protection and a safety helmet, without a safety permit, or while carrying a passenger. A person under the age of eighteen but at least ten years of age may not operate an off-highway motor vehicle unless the person is visually supervised at all times by a parent, legal guardian or a person over the age of eighteen who has a valid driver's license. This does not apply to a person:

  • thirteen years of age and has a valid motorcycle license and off-highway motor vehicle safety permit; or
  • fifteen years of age and has a valid driver's license, instructional permit or provisional license and off-highway motor vehicle safety permit.

A person under the age of ten may not operate an off-highway motor vehicle unless:

  • the all-terrain vehicle or recreational off-highway vehicle is an age-appropriate size-fit vehicle established by rule of the department; and
  • the person is visually supervised at all times by a parent, legal guardian or instructor of a safety training course certified by the department.

§ 66-3-1011. Operation on streets or highways; prohibited areas.
Off-highway motor vehicles may not be operated on any limited access highway or freeway, or any paved street or highway. Off-highway motor vehicles may cross streets or highways, except limited access highways or freeways. Off-highway motor vehicles may not be operated on state game commission-owned, -controlled or -administered land except as specifically allowed Off-highway motor vehicles may not be operated on land owned, controlled or administered by the state parks division of the energy, minerals and natural resources department, except in areas designated by and permitted by rules adopted by the secretary of energy, minerals and natural resources.

§ 66-3-1012. Driving of off-highway motor vehicles adjacent to highway.
Off-highway motor vehicles issued a validating sticker or nonresident permit may be driven adjacent to a highway under certain conditions. When snow conditions permit, an off-highway motor vehicle may be operated on the right-hand side of a highway, parallel, but not closer than ten feet, to the inside of the plow bank.

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New York ATV Law

N.Y. Parks Rec. & Hist. Preserv. Law § 2403. Operation of ATVs.
ATVs may not be operated on highways, but an ATV may make a direct crossing on a highway other than an interstate highway or a controlled access highway if the crossing is made between the hours of one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise or in conditions of reduced visibility, only if both front and rear lights are lighted. An ATV may be operated on any highway which has been designated and posted as open for travel by ATVs. No person may operate an ATV on any public lands, waters and property other than a highway, except lands which have been designated and posted for travel by ATVs. No person may operate an ATV on the private property of another without permission.

§ 2404. Operating rules.
No person may operate an ATV:

  • at a rate of speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the conditions and having regard to the actual and potential hazards then existing;
  • in a careless, reckless or negligent manner;
  • on the tracks or right-of-way of an operating railroad;
  • on public lands, other than highways, or on private property of another while in an intoxicated condition or under the influence of narcotics or drugs.

A person may not operate an ATV with a passenger unless the ATV is designed to carry passengers with a permanent seat attached.

§ 2406. Equipment.
ATVs must have:

  • brakes in good operating condition;
  • a muffler system in good operating condition
  • a spark arrester approved by the United States Forest Service;
  • tires having at least two-thirty seconds of an inch of tread with no visible breaks, cuts, exposed cords, bumps or bulges;
  • a lighted white headlight approved by the commissioner and a lighted red taillight approved by the commissioner when operated for one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise.

§ 2407. Liability insurance.
Must have liability insurance, subject to regulation.

§ 2410. Operation by minors.
No person under the age of sixteen years may operate an ATV except upon lands owned or leased by his parent or guardian, unless he is under general supervision of a person eighteen years of age or over or a person sixteen years of age or over who holds an ATV safety certificate. A person ten years of age but less than sixteen years of age who has received safety training as prescribed by the commissioner and has received the appropriate ATV safety certificate issued by the commissioner may operate an ATV in the same manner as a person who is sixteen years of age or older.

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North Carolina ATV Law

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 20-171.15. Age restrictions.
Persons less than 8 years of age may not operate ATV Persons less than 12 years of age may not operate an ATV with 70 cubic centimeter displacement or greater. Persons under 16 years of age may not operate an all-terrain vehicle with an engine capacity greater than 90 cubic centimeter displacement, and unless under the continuous supervision of a person 18 years of age or older.

§ 20-171.16. Passengers.
No operator of an all-terrain vehicle may carry a passenger, except on those vehicles specifically designed by the manufacturer to carry passengers in addition to the operator.

§ 20-171.18. Equipment requirements .
All ATVs must have:

  • A brake system maintained in good operating condition.
  • An effective muffler system maintained in good working condition.
  • A United States Forest Service qualified spark arrester maintained in good working condition.

§ 20-171.19. Prohibited acts by owners and operators.
No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle on a public street or highway or public vehicular area when such operation is otherwise permitted by law, unless the person wears eye protection and a safety helmet meeting United States Department of Transportation standards for motorcycle helmets. No person under 18 years of age may operate an all-terrain vehicle off a public street or highway or public vehicular area unless the person wears eye protection and a safety helmet. Operating while under the influence of alcohol, any controlled substance, or a prescription or nonprescription drug that impairs vision or motor coordination prohibited. Operating in a careless or reckless manner so as to endanger or cause injury or damage to any person or property prohibited. Operation on any public street, road, or highway prohibited except for purposes of crossing that street, road, or highway. Operation prohibited on interstate or limited-access highway. Operation during the hours of darkness prohibited, from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise and at any time when visibility is reduced due to insufficient light or atmospheric conditions, without displaying a lighted headlamp and taillamp, unless the use of lights is prohibited by other applicable laws.

§ 20-171.20. Safety training and certificate.
Safety certificate required for all operators born on or after January 1, 1990.

§ 20-171.22. Exceptions.
Does not apply to any owner, operator, lessor, or renter of a farm or ranch, or that person's employees or immediate family or household members, when operating an all-terrain vehicle while engaged in farming operations. Does not apply to any person using an all-terrain vehicle for hunting or trapping purposes if the person is otherwise lawfully engaged in those activities. Age requirement does not apply to any person 16 years of age or older if the person is otherwise lawfully using the all-terrain vehicle on any ocean beach area where such vehicles are allowed by law.

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North Dakota ATV Law

N.D. Admin. Code 37-04-01-03. Permitted use of highway rights of way.
A person having a valid operator's license may operate a registered recreational vehicle upon the ditch bottoms, back-slopes, and the top of the backslope on any state highway.

37-04-01-05. Transitory operation on shoulder, inslope, or roadway.
A person may operate a recreational vehicle upon the shoulder, inslope, or roadway of a state highway only when an obstruction prevents the safe operation of the recreational vehicle upon the ditch bottom and the backslope. The operation on the shoulder, inslope, or roadway shall be for the sole purpose of avoiding the obstruction and upon passing the obstruction, the operator shall return the recreational vehicle to the ditch bottom of backslope.

37-04-01-08. Headlamps.
All recreational vehicles shall be equipped with at least one headlamp mounted in front of the vehicle.

37-04-01-09. Taillamps.
All recreational vehicles shall be equipped with at least one taillamp being so mounted to be visible to the rear of the vehicle.

37-04-01-10. Brakes.
Recreational vehicles shall be equipped with brakes capable of controlling the vehicles under normal operating conditions.

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Ohio ATV Law

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 4519.20 Rules for equipment of snowmobiles, off-highway motorcycles and all-purpose vehicles.
ATVs must be equipped with at least one headlight having a minimum candlepower of sufficient intensity to reveal persons and objects at a distance of at least one hundred feet ahead under normal atmospheric conditions during hours of darkness. ATVs must be equipped with at least one red tail light having a minimum candlepower of sufficient intensity to be plainly visible from a distance of five hundred feet to the rear under normal atmospheric conditions during hours of darkness. ATVs must be equipped with a muffler system capable of precluding the emission of excessive smoke or exhaust fumes, and of limiting the engine noise of vehicles.

§ 4519.40 Prohibitions on use.
ATVs may not be operated on any limited access highway or freeway or the right-of-way thereof, except for emergency travel only during such time and in such manner as the director of public safety shall designate. ATVs may not be operated on any private property, or in any nursery or planting area, without the permission of the owner or other person having the right to possession of the property. ATVs may not be operated on any land or waters controlled by the state, except at those locations where a sign has been posted permitting such operation. ATVs may not be operated on the tracks or right-of-way of any operating railroad. ATVs may not be operated during the time from sunset to sunrise, unless displaying lighted lights.

§ 4519.41 Permitted uses.
ATVs may be operated:

  • To make a crossing of a highway
  • On highways in the county or township road systems whenever the local authority having jurisdiction over such highways so permits;
  • Off and alongside a street or highway for limited distances from the point of unloading from a conveyance to the point at which the ATV is intended and authorized to be operated;
  • On the berm or shoulder of a highway, county or township road.

§ 4519.44 Operator licensing.
License required to operate ATV on street or highway, or on public land or waters. No person younger than 16 years of age may operate an ATV unless accompanied by a licensed adult 18 years of age or older or on private land owned or leased by a parent or guardian. The department of natural resources may permit such operation on state controlled land under its jurisdiction when such person is less than 16 years of age and is accompanied by a parent or guardian who is a licensed driver 18 years of age or older.

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Oklahoma ATV Law

Okla. Stat. § 11-1117. All-terrain vehicle passenger restrictions--Penalties and enforcement--Liability of parents or vehicle owners—Applicability.
A person less than 18 years of age may not operate or be a passenger on an ATV unless the person wears a crash helmet, with the exception of those operating ATVs on private property. An operator cannot carry a passenger unless the ATV has been specifically designed by the manufacturer to carry passengers in addition to the operator, with the exception of those operating ATVs on private property.

§ 11-1116. Self-propelled or motor-driven and operated vehicles--Golf carts, all-terrain, and utility vehicles--Operation on streets, highways, and roadways within unincorporated area.
ATVs may not be operated on highways, with the exception of unpaved roads which are located within the boundaries of any property of the Forest Service of the United States Department of Agriculture, or if the vehicle needs to make a direct crossing of the street or highway while the vehicle is traveling upon a regularly traveled trail and needs to continue travel from one are of the trial to another. The operator must have a valid driver license and make the cross during daylight hours only. ATVs may also be operated on streets and highways within a municipality if the municipal governing body has adopted an ordinance governing the operation of golf carts, utility vehicles or all-terrain vehicles on streets and highways within the municipality, or on roadways within unincorporated areas of a county if the board of county commissioners of the county has approved the operation of ATVs on roadways within unincorporated areas of the county and the ATV is only used as an instrument of husbandry.

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Oregon ATV Law

Or. Rev. Stat. § 821.055. Highway use by all-terrain motor vehicles.
ATVs may operate on any highway in this state that is open to the public and is not maintained for passenger car traffic.

§ 821.170, 821.172.
Operators 16 years of age or older must hold a valid all-terrain vehicle operator permit to operate on public lands. Operators on public lands less than 16 years of age must be accompanied by a person who is at least 18 years of age, holds a valid all-terrain vehicle operator permit and is able to provide immediate assistance and direction to the child, and the child must hold a valid all-terrain vehicle operator permit. A child under seven years of age may not operate an all-terrain vehicle on public lands. This does not apply if the vehicle is being used for agricultural or forestry operations, or if it is being used on land owned by the owner of the vehicle.

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Pennsylvania ATV Law

Pa. Cons. Stat. § 7711.1. Registration of snowmobile or ATV, § 7712.1. Certificate of title for snowmobile or ATV.
All ATVs must be titled and registered. Every ATV must have its own numbered plate, and you must renew the registration every two years.

§ 7721. Operation on streets and highways.
Generally, it is unlawful to operate a snowmobile or an ATV on any street or highway which is not designated and posted as a snowmobile or an ATV road by the governmental agency having jurisdiction. A snowmobile or an ATV may be operated on highways and streets:

  • During periods of emergency when so declared by a policy agency having jurisdiction.
  • When necessary to cross a bridge or culvert.

An ATV may make a direct crossing of a street or highway.

§ 7724. Operation on private or State property.
No person may operate a snowmobile or an ATV on State-owned property except on clearly marked and previously designated snowmobile or ATV routes or as expressly permitted by the Commonwealth.

§ 7725. Operation by persons under age sixteen.
No one under the age of 8 can operate an ATV on state-owned land. No one between the ages of 8 and 15 may operate an ATV unless it is on a parent's or guardian's land, or the individual has participated in an ATV safety training course and has a safety certificate, of if they are under direct supervision of a certified ATV safety instructor during the course. No one under the age of 16 may cross a highway or ride on a designated road unless they have a safety certificate and are accompanied by an adult age 18 or older.

§ 7726. Operation in safe manner.
No person may operate a snowmobile or an ATV in any of the following ways:

  • At a rate of speed that is unreasonable or improper under existing conditions or in excess of the maximum limits posted for vehicular traffic.
  • In any careless way so as to endanger the person or property of another.
  • While under the influence of alcohol or any controlled substance.

Operators and passengers must wear helmet.

§ 7727. Additional limitations on operation.
It is unlawful to operate or ride in any snowmobile or ATV with any bow and arrows or with any firearm in his possession unless it is unstrung or unloade, or to drive or pursue any game or wildlife with a snowmobile or an ATV.

§ 7730. Liability insurance.
A snowmobile or ATV for which registration is required under this chapter must have liability insurance coverage for the snowmobile or ATV issued by an insurance carrier authorized to do business in this Commonwealth. This subsection does not apply to limited registrations.

§ 7741. Head lamps and tail lamps.
Every snowmobile or ATV operated during hours of darkness must display a lighted head lamp and tail lamp. The lights shall be in operation during the period of from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise and at any time when, due to insufficient light or unfavorable atmospheric conditions caused by fog or otherwise, other persons, vehicles and other objects are not clearly discernible for a distance of 500 feet ahead. The head lamp must display white light of sufficient illuminating power to reveal any person, vehicle or substantial object at a distance of 100 feet ahead. The tail lamp must display a red light plainly visible during darkness from a distance of 500 feet.

§ 7742. Brakes.
It is unlawful to operate an ATV which is not equipped with a braking system which may be operated by hand or foot, capable of producing deceleration of 14 feet per second on level ground at a speed of 20 miles per hour.

§ 7743. Mufflers and noise control.
It is unlawful to operate a snowmobile or an ATV which is not equipped at all times with a muffler in good working order which blends the exhaust noise into the overall snowmobile or ATV noise and is in constant operation to prevent excessive or unusual noise.

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Rhode Island ATV Law

R.I. Gen. Laws § 31-3.2-2. Registration.
Registration required. Safety course required for all first time recreational vehicle buyers, as well as all operators under the age of sixteen (16).

§ 31-3.2-4.1. Operation of snowmobile or recreational vehicle without permission.
No person shall operate any snowmobile or recreational vehicle upon any property or premises owned by another person without the consent in writing of the owner of the property or premises. No person shall operate any snowmobile or recreational vehicle which is owned by another person without the consent in writing of the owner.

§ 31-3.2-7. Operation.
No person shall operate a snowmobile or recreational vehicle upon the roadway shoulder, on the inside bank or slope on any highway in this state, or elsewhere within the right of way, except as provided in this chapter. No snowmobile or recreational vehicle shall be operated at any time within the right-of-way of any interstate highway or freeway within this state. A snowmobile or recreational vehicle may make a direct crossing of a street or highway under certain conditions. ATVs operated on highways must equipped with at least one head lamp and one tail lamp, reflector material of a minimum area of sixteen (16) square inches mounted on each side forward of the handlebars; and with brakes. ATVs may be operated upon a public street or highway other than as provided in an emergency during the period of time when and at locations where snow upon the roadway renders travel by automobile impractical. It is unlawful for any person to drive or operate any snowmobile or recreational vehicles in the following unsafe or harassing ways:

  • At a rate of speed greater than reasonable or proper under all the surrounding circumstances;
  • In a careless, reckless or negligent manner so as to endanger the person or property of another or to cause injury or damage to it;
  • While under the influence of intoxicating liquor or narcotics, or habit-forming drugs;
  • Without a lighted head light and tail light when required for safety;
  • Without the operator and passengers wearing a helmet equipped with a face guard of a type approved by the administrator of the division of motor vehicles.

§ 31-3.2-8. Mufflers.
Every snowmobile or recreational vehicle shall be equipped at all times with a muffler in good working order which blends the exhaust noise into the overall snowmobile or recreational vehicle noise and is in constant operation to prevent excessive or unusual noise, with certain exceptions.

§ 31-3.2-9. Age Restrictions.
No person under sixteen (16) years of age may make a direct crossing of a state highway as the operator of a snowmobile or recreational vehicle. A person sixteen (16) years of age or older, but less than eighteen (18) years of age, may make a direct crossing of a highway only if he or she has in his or her immediate possession a valid motor vehicle operator's license.

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South Carolina ATV Law

S.C. Code Ann. § 50-26-30. Unlawful use of all-terrain vehicle (ATV) by child; safety certificate required; helmet and eye protection required.
Children younger than 6 years of age may not operate ATVs. Operators younger than 16 may not carry passengers. Every person 15 years old and younger who operates an all-terrain vehicle must possess a safety certificate indicating successful completion of "hands-on" all-terrain vehicle safety course approved by the All-Terrain Vehicle Safety Institute. A person fifteen years of age or younger also may not operate, ride, or otherwise be propelled on an all-terrain vehicle within this State unless the person wears a safety helmet and eye protection. A minor younger than sixteen years of age, but not younger than six years of age who is operating an all-terrain vehicle under the direct visual supervision of his parent or an individual with legal custody of the minor on private property.

§ 50-26-40. Restrictions on use of all-terrain vehicle (ATV).
A person sixteen years of age or younger who operates an all-terrain vehicle on public land must be accompanied by an adult. It is unlawful to operate an all-terrain vehicle on public land between one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise unless it is operated with headlights turned on. It is unlawful to cross any watercourse on public land on an all-terrain vehicle except at a designated ford, crossing, bridge, or if the watercourse is bisected by a trail. An all-terrain vehicle must have an effective muffler system in good working condition, a USDA Forest Service approved spark arrester in good working condition, and a brake system in good operating condition. It is unlawful to operate an all-terrain vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or any controlled substance. It is unlawful to operate an all-terrain vehicle in a reckless manner.

§ 50-26-70. Exceptions.
This chapter does not apply to:

  • an owner, operator, lessor, or renter of a farm or ranch, or that person's employees, immediate family, or household members, when operating an all-terrain vehicle while engaged in farming, wildlife habitat management, or ranching operations;
  • a person using an all-terrain vehicle for hunting or trapping purposes if the person otherwise is lawfully engaged in those activities.
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South Dakota ATV Law

S.D. Codified Laws § 32-20-12. Off-road vehicles--Operation on certain lands as misdemeanor--Registration--Title certificate.
No person may operate on a public street or highway an off-road vehicle except for crossing from one side of the road to the other. A person twelve years of age or older may operate an off-road vehicle in a highway ditch if the vehicle is operated as close as possible to the outer edge of the highway right-of-way. No person may operate an off-road vehicle in a highway ditch along the interstate highway system, or operate an off-road vehicle on any lands owned, leased, or controlled by the Department of Game, Fish and Parks, or any highway ditch located within, with certain exceptions. Off-road vehicles need not be registered and licensed for use upon the highways except as provided in 32-20-13. Off-road vehicles must be titled. Valid license required to operate ATV on public roads or highways. 32-20-2

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Tennessee ATV Law

Tenn. Code Ann. § 55-8-185. Off-highway motor vehicles.
Off-highway motor vehicles may be operated or driven upon a highway but only on a two-lane highway, and only to cross the highway. ATVs must have tail lamps and headlights. Headlights on the vehicles must, under normal atmospheric conditions and on a level road, produce a driving light sufficient to render clearly discernible a person two hundred feet (200') ahead. ATV operation is specifically restricted to only between one-half ( ½ ) hour after sunrise and one-half ( ½ ) hour before sunset, and the headlight and taillight msut be illuminated Operators and all passengers must wear a helmet while driving a street, road or highway; No all-terrain vehicles may be operated on any state highway or any highway that is a part of the interstate and defense highway system. ATVs used for agricultural purposes exempt.

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Texas ATV Law

Tex. Transp. Code Ann. § 663.031. Safety Certificate Required.
• A person may not operate an all-terrain vehicle on public property or a beach unless the person:

  • holds a safety certificate issued under this chapter or under the authority of another state;
  • is taking a safety training course under the direct supervision of a certified all-terrain vehicle safety instructor; or
  • is under the direct supervision of an adult who holds a safety certificate issued under this chapter or under the authority of another state.

§ 663.032. Operation by Person Younger Than 14.
A person younger than 14 years of age who is operating an all-terrain vehicle must be accompanied by and be under the direct supervision of the person's parent or guardian or an adult who is authorized by the person's parent or guardian.

§ 663.033. Required Equipment; Display of Lights.
• An all-terrain vehicle that is operated on public property or a beach must be equipped with:

  • a brake system maintained in good operating condition;
  • an adequate muffler system in good working condition; and
  • a United States Forest Service qualified spark arrester.

An all-terrain vehicle that is operated on public property or a beach must display a lighted headlight and taillight during the period from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise; and at any time when visibility is reduced because of insufficient light or atmospheric conditions.

§ 663.034. Safety Apparel Required.
A person may not operate, ride, or be carried on an all-terrain vehicle on public property or a beach unless the person wears a safety helmet that complies with United States Department of Transportation standards and eye protection.

§ 663.035. Reckless or Careless Operation Prohibited.
A person may not operate an all-terrain vehicle on public property or a beach in a careless or reckless manner that endangers, injures, or damages any person or property.

§ 663.036. Carrying Passengers.
A person may not carry a passenger on an all-terrain vehicle operated on public property or a beach unless the all-terrain vehicle is designed by the manufacturer to transport a passenger.

§ 663.037. Operation on Public Roadway Prohibited.
The operator of an all-terrain vehicle may drive the vehicle across a public street, road, or highway that is not an interstate or limited-access highway to cross those roads. The operator of an all-terrain vehicle may drive the vehicle across a divided highway other than an interstate or limited access highway only at an intersection of the highway with another public street, road, or highway. The operator of an all-terrain vehicle may drive the vehicle on a public street, road, or highway that is not an interstate or limited-access highway if:

  • In connection with agricultural or utility purposes;
  • the operator attaches to the back of the vehicle on top of an eight-foot-long pole a triangular orange flag;
  • the vehicle's headlights and taillights are illuminated;
  • the operator holds a driver's license;
  • the operation of the all-terrain vehicle occurs in the daytime; and
  • the operation of the all-terrain vehicle does not exceed a distance of 25 miles from the point of origin to the destination.
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Utah ATV Law

Currently registered off-highway vehicles may be operated on public land, trails, streets, or highways that are posted by sign or designated by map or description as open to off-highway vehicle use by the controlling federal, state, county, or municipal agency.
Utah Code Ann. § 41-22-10.1

ATVs operated on public land must be registered.
§ 41-22-3

ATVs may not be operated along, across, or within the boundaries of an interstate freeway or controlled access highway.
§ 41-22-10.2

A person may not operate an off-highway vehicle upon any street or highway, not designated as open to off-highway vehicle use, except:

  • when crossing a street or highway
  • when loading or unloading an off-highway vehicle from a vehicle or trailer
  • when an emergency exists, during any period of time and at those locations when the operation of conventional motor vehicles is impractical or when the operation is directed by a peace officer or other public authority; or
  • when operating a street-legal all-terrain vehicle on a highway.

§ 41-22-10.3

An off-highway vehicle must be equipped with: brakes, headlights and taillights when operated during hours of darkness, a noise muffling device, spark arrestor, and safety flag when operated on sand dunes.
§ 41-22-10.7

A violation of the above sections is now an infraction.

Persons under 8 years of age may not operate an ATV, unless participating in a sanctioned race or organized practice and under the direct supervision of an adult, where there are emergency personnel and an ambulance service at the race or organized practice ready to administer medical services. § 41–22–29

A person under the age of 18 must wear protective headgear.
§ 41-22-10.8

An operator and passengers of off-highway implements of husbandry are exempt.
§ 41-22-10.8

Need more information on state laws? Learn more about the laws where you live.

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Vermont ATV Law

Vt. Stat. Ann. § 3502. Registration.
Registration required, pursuant to regulation.

§ 3505. Equipment.
ATVs must be equipped with one or more headlights, a red rear light all in working order, and brakes in good mechanical condition and be equipped with an efficient muffler and such other equipment and devices as may be required to meet the noise level specification, and if equipped with a windshield it must be free from sharp or jagged edges. Lights must be on during operation from 30 minutes after sunset to 30 minutes before sunrise. ATVs must be equipped with a muffler system and such other equipment or devices which reduce maximum machine operating noise to a noise level of not more than 82 decibels on the A scale at 50 feet, in a normal operating environment. ATVs must be equipped with a United States Forest Service qualified spark arrester.

§ 3506. Operation. An ATV may not be operated:

  • Along a public highway unless it is not being maintained during the snow season or unless the highway has been opened to all-terrain vehicle travel by the selectmen or trustees or local governing body and is so posted by the municipality except an all-terrain vehicle being used for agricultural purposes may be operated not closer than three feet from the traveled portion of any highway for the purpose of traveling within the confines of the farm.

An ATV may not be operated to cross a public highway unless the operator is 12 years of age or older and that an operator under 16 years of age must be under the direct supervision of a person 18 years of age or older. An ATV may not be operated on any public land, body of public water, or natural area unless the Secretary has designated the area for use by all-terrain vehicles. An ATV may not be operated by a person under 12 years of age unless:

  • he or she is on land owned by his or her parents, family, or guardian;
  • he or she has written permission of the landowner or lessee; or
  • he or she is under the direct supervision of a person at least 18 years of age.

An ATV may not be operated while the operator is under the influence of drugs or intoxicating beverages. An ATV may not be operated in a careless or negligent manner or in a manner so as to endanger a person or property; An ATV may not be operated on limited access highways, rights-of-way, or approaches unless permitted by the Traffic Committee. In no cases shall the use of all-terrain vehicles be permitted on any portion of the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways unless the Traffic Committee permits operation on these highways; An ATV may not be operated by an operator who is less than 18 years of age unless one of the following criteria is met:

  • the operator is operating on property owned or leased by the operator or his or her parents or guardian; or
  • the operator is taking a prescribed safety education training course and operating under the direct supervision of a certified all-terrain vehicle safety instructor; or
  • the operator holds an appropriate safety education certificate issued by this State or issued under the authority of another state or province of Canada.
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Virginia ATV Law

Va. Code Ann. § 46.2-679.1. All-terrain vehicles. Registration.
No person shall be required to obtain the registration certificate, license plate and decals, or pay a registration fee for any all-terrain vehicle.

§ 46.2-915.1. All-terrain vehicles and off-road motorcycles; penalty.
No ATV may be operated on any public highway, or other public property, except as authorized by proper authorities to the extent necessary to cross a public highway by the most direct route. No ATV may be operated by any person under the age of 16, except that children between the ages of 12 and 16 may operate all-terrain vehicles powered by engines of no more than 90 cubic centimeters displacement and children less than 12 years old may operate all-terrain vehicles powered by engines of no more than 70 cubic centimeters displacement. Operators must wear protective helmet No ATV may be operated on another person's property without written consent. No ATV may be operated with a passenger unless designed and equipped to be operated with more than one rider. Does not apply to farming activities or to members of the household or employees of the owner or lessee of private property on which the ATV is operated.

§ 46.2-644.1. Titling of all-terrain vehicles and off-road motorcycles.
Every owner, of any all-terrain vehicle powered by a gasoline or diesel engine displacing more than 50 cubic centimeters and purchased as new on or after July 1, 2006 must obtain title.

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Washington ATV Law

Wash. Rev. Code §46.09.455. Authorized and prohibited uses for wheeled all-terrain vehicles.
A person may operate a wheeled all-terrain vehicle upon any public roadway of this state, not including non-highway roads and trails, having a speed limit of thirty-five miles per hour or less. A person may operate an ATV on a state highway if the segment is specifically listed as permitting ATVs and is within the limits of a city or town and the speed limit on the segment is thirty-five miles per hour or less; A person operating a wheeled all-terrain vehicle may not cross a public roadway, not including non-highway roads and trails, with a speed limit in excess of thirty-five miles per hour, unless the crossing begins and ends on a public roadway, not including non-highway roads and trails, or an ORV trail, with a speed limit of thirty-five miles per hour or less and occurs at an intersection of approximately ninety degrees, except that the operator of a wheeled all-terrain vehicle may not cross at an uncontrolled intersection of a public highway listed under chapter 47.17 RCW; A person may not operate a wheeled all-terrain vehicle on a public roadway within the boundaries of a county, not including non-highway roads and trails, with a population of fifteen thousand or more unless the county by ordinance has approved the operation of wheeled all-terrain vehicles on county roadways, not including non-highway roads and trails. A person may not operate a wheeled all-terrain vehicle on a public roadway within the boundaries of a city or town, not including non-highway roads and trails, unless the city or town by ordinance has approved the operation of wheeled all-terrain vehicles on city or town roadways, not including non-highway roads and trails.

46.09.442. Wheeled all-terrain vehicles--Metal tags--Off-road, on-road registration, tabs.
Any wheeled all-terrain vehicle operated within this state must display a metal tag to be affixed to the rear of the wheeled all- terrain vehicle. The metal tag must be replaced every seven years at a cost of two dollars. ATVs must be registered. A person who operates a wheeled all-terrain vehicle upon a public roadway must have a current and proper on-road vehicle registration and valid driver's license. 46.09.444

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West Virginia ATV Law

W. Va. Code, § 17F-1-1. Acts prohibited by operator; penalties for violations W. Va. Code, § 17F-1-1.
Title required by law. Minimum age 18 unless in possession of safety certificate. Must have muffler and spark arrester. Helmet required for persons under age 18. More than one passenger prohibited and passenger under age 18 prohibited unless operator has specified driver's license or is at least 18, unless ATV is designed to carry a passenger. No ATV may be operated anytime from sunset to sunrise without an illuminated headlight or lights and taillights. No ATV may be operated on any interstate highway except by public safety personnel responding to emergencies. No ATV may be operated on any road or highway with a center line or more than two lanes except for purpose of crossing the road, street, or highway if the headlight and taillight are illuminated when the crossing is made if the vehicle is so equipped. An all-terrain vehicle may, for the sole purpose of getting from one trail, field or area of operation to another, be operated upon the shoulder of any road, street or highway, other than an interstate highway, for a distance not to exceed ten miles, if:

  • The vehicle is operated at speeds of twenty-five miles per hour or less; and
  • The vehicle is operated at any time from sunset to sunrise, the all- terrain vehicle must be equipped with headlights and taillights which must be illuminated

Does not apply if the all-terrain vehicle is operated exclusively on lands owned or leased by the vehicle owner or on private lands of others with the owner's permission. § 17F-1-5 Does not apply to the use or operation of all-terrain vehicles for lawful non-recreational commercial purposes, including, but not limited to, farm use, oil and gas operations, timbering, surveying and public utilities access. § 17F-1-6.

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Wisconsin ATV Law

Wis. Stat. §23.33

  • Children under 12 must wear a helmet at all times except if the ATV is operated for agricultural purposes or on family's land.
  • Children between age 12 and 18 must wear a helmet, unless hunting or fishing, operating for agricultural purposes, or on their family's land.
  • All ATVs are required to be registered. There are two types of registration: (1) public land use, which is renewed every two years or (2) private land use, which lasts for the lifetime of the vehicle. Wis. Stat. §23.33
  • No one under 12 may operate an ATV unless operating on their family's land, operating for agricultural purposes and under direct supervision of a person over age 18, or unless operating a 4-wheel ATV of 90cc or less on a designated ATV trail and accompanied by a parent.
  • No one under 12 may operate an ATV on a roadway.
  • Children at least age 12 and born on or after January 1, 1988, must have taken a safety training course, unless operating on family's land.
  • ATV use on roads is prohibited, except for agricultural purposes or to cross these roads or a bridge, culvert, or railroad.
  • ATVs shall not be operated during hours of darkness without a lighted taillight and headlight.
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Wyoming ATV Law

Registration is required only for ATVs used on designated off-highway vehicle trails.
Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 31-2-702

Registration is to be renewed each year, and owners receive a numbered decal.
§31-2-704,6

ATV use on public streets and highways is prohibited, except to cross these roads and except for agricultural use outside city limits.
§31-5-1601

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Note: Our attorneys are licensed to practice law in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Maryland, and Virginia. This information is not intended to solicit clients for matters outside of the states of Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, Maryland, and Virginia, although if you are injured in an accident, we have relationships with other personal injury attorneys and lawyers throughout the United States.

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