Preliminary Note: Statutes of limitations restrict the time period that a person can file a lawsuit. These statutes not only vary by state, but they also vary by cause of action. The following guide provides limitations periods for each state, but only for particular causes of action; specifically, those related to personal injury, medical malpractice, and products liability claims. The sections discussing special rules for minors only apply to the causes of action listed for that particular state.
A wrongful death action must be filed within two years of the date of death. This statute of limitations is tolled in favor of minors.
Personal injury actions must be brought within two years of the date of the injury.
Actions against health care providers must be filed within two years of the date that the act giving rise to the injury occurred. In the case of a minor under 12, the minor's parent or guardian must bring suit on behalf of the minor within seven years after the act giving rise to the injury occurred. If the minor was injured at age 12 or older, he or she has one year after turning 18 to file suit, but in no event may such a minor be required to file suit less than two years after the date of the act giving rise to the injury occurred.
Products liability actions must be brought within two years after the plaintiff suffers the injury.
Except in cases of medical malpractice, a minor has one year after his or her 18th birthday to file suit.
Need more information on state laws? Learn more about the laws where you live.
Note: Our attorneys are licensed to practice law in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Maryland, and Virginia. This information is not intended to solicit clients for matters outside of the states of Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, Maryland, and Virginia, although if you are injured in an accident, we have relationships with other personal injury attorneys and lawyers throughout the United States.