Edgar Snyder & Associates®
A Law Firm Representing Injured People
Call Us Toll Free 24/7

Legal Dictionary - Glossary of Legal Terms

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M |
N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


Joint and Several Liability . Refers to a plaintiff's ability to sue one or more defendants separately or all together at his or her option. Permits a group of defendants to be held both individually and collectively liable for all damages suffered by the plaintiff. The plaintiff can recover the entire amount of damages from one defendant, even if all of the defendants are liable.

For incidents arising after August 17, 2002:  Due to a new Pennsylvania law, joint and several liability has been changed so that a plaintiff may no longer be able to collect all his damages from one defendant, even if more than one defendant is found responsible. A percentage of fault will be assessed against each defendant and, unless a defendant's negligence is 60% or greater, an at fault defendant will be responsible for only its percentage of fault.

Judge. Workers' compensation judges are appointed and are representatives of the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry. They conduct hearings in an administrative proceeding for workers' compensation cases.

Judgment. Official decision of a court resolving the issues in a legal action and stating the rights and obligations of the parties. See also decree, order.

Judicial. Pertaining to a judge.

Judicial Notice. The procedure by which a judge recognizes the existence of the truth of a certain fact having bearing on the case without the production of evidence because such fact is established by common notoriety. For example, if the accident happened on Thanksgiving, the judge can take judicial notice that the accident happened on a Thursday.

Jurisdiction. The legal right by which judges exercise their authority.

Jurisprudence. The theory and philosophy of law.

Juror. Member of a jury.

Jury. Specific number of people (usually 6 or 12), selected as prescribed by law to render a decision (verdict) in a trial.

Free Case Review
First Name
Last Name
Briefly describe your injuries
Verdicts & Settlements
Client suffered seizures and leg injuries
Pedestrian Accident
Client suffered severe arm injuries
Truck Accident
Client Reviews
My attorney was always looking out for my best interest, not just trying to wrap the case up. Car Accident Victim